India's space program has a relatively modest budget, but it has grown significantly since the country first sent a probe into lunar orbit in 2008.
The solar observation sonde Aditya-L1 arrived on the same day on January 6, 2017, after a summer trip, due to the availability of the spatial program that pays more money for a trip to the center. Solar system. The probe, which was launched in September, carries a series of instruments to measure and monitor the outer layers of the Sun.
Indian Science and Technology Minister Jitendra Singh said on social media that the probe has reached its final orbit “To reveal the secrets of communication between the Sun and the Earth”.
A new “milestone”.
The United States and the European Space Agency (ESA) have sent several probes to the center of the solar system since NASA's Pioneer program in the 1960s, and both Japan and China have launched their own solar observing missions in Earth's orbit, but the latest mission from the research organization ISRO is the first organization from an Asian country to be placed in orbit around the sun.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi hailed the event as a novelty “turn” In the Indian space programme. “This is a testament to the continued dedication of our scientists.”He said on social media, adding: “We will continue to explore new scientific frontiers for the benefit of humanity.”
Aditya, named after the Hindu sun god, traveled 1.5 million kilometers from Earth, or just 1% of the distance that separates our planet from the solar system's star. It is now at a point where the gravitational forces of the two celestial bodies cancel out, allowing it to remain in a stable orbit around the sun.
A manned mission to Earth orbit is planned for 2024
The orbiter, which is said to have cost $48 million, will study coronal mass ejections, a periodic phenomenon that results in massive discharges of plasma and magnetic energy from the sun's atmosphere. These projectiles are so powerful that they can reach the Earth and disable satellites. The mission also aims to shed light on several other solar phenomena by imaging and measuring molecules in the sun's upper atmosphere.
India's space program has a relatively modest budget, but it has grown significantly since the country first sent a probe into lunar orbit in 2008. Last August, it became the first country to land an unmanned rover near the largely unexplored lunar South Pole. . India was also the first Asian country to put a rover into orbit around Mars in 2014, and plans to launch a three-day manned mission to Earth orbit later this year.
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