The housing of tomorrow must meet the economic and environmental requirements of the regions. It is a real challenge for rural administrations like the lot, as the housing effect is gaining more and more natural spaces. The most recent study on DDT shows this, with 8% urbanization in 10 years, noting a particularly large area for each dwelling.
“The pavilion model with a garden is unsustainable and leads us to a dead end,” Emmanuel Wargon, the housing minister, said last Thursday. It is “an urban model that relies on the car to connect them,” she said, “an ecological, economic and social nonsense.” It is enough to provoke many reactions, but beyond that, to question the functioning of our society and its relationship to habitat.
The July study by the Administrative Department of Lotte Lands (DDT) questions this urbanization with regard to its consumption of space and feeds into this reflection on the housing of tomorrow…and of course, on the rules that should be the designation of PLUi, Scot and other Town planning documents to reduce soil synthesis. The basis for this, of course, lies in ensuring that natural, agricultural or forest areas are preserved for future generations.
In ten years, +8% of roofs have been manufactured
“In 10 years, the regional analysis of the plot tracks, 2,411 hectares were consumed in the county, with an average of 2,584 square meters of surface area per dwelling, representing a total artificial surface of 8%. Occupation of this space enabled this to produce 9,360 housing units. during the contract.
However, this dynamic tends to slow down. Studies conducted up to then reported that 3,600 hectares were consumed during the period from 2003 to 2012; Then 2,670 hectares during the period from 2007 to 2016.
“The surface area consumed is decreasing,” Lot DDT reporters who go even further note. With regard to annual consumption, between 2008 and 2017, the area consumed each year decreased from 411 hectares to 172 hectares, a decrease of 58%. The observation remains eligible because after a plateau in 2015 and 2016, the development of urban roofs increased slightly in 2017. To date, the average is 2,500 square meters occupied per dwelling in the lot.
In addition, regarding the number of homes, we see that between 2008 (the economic crisis) and 2012, the downward trend that had been showing since 2016 reversed, in fact, the number of new homes reached its lowest level. In 2012 about 600 homes 800 new homes per year. “This is the main factor in the marked reduction in space consumption,” puts the Lotoise study into perspective, which asserts, “Therefore, vigilance is required to achieve the space consumption reduction goals set out in city planning documents.”
In Pays de Cazals-Salviac, the highest use of space per dwelling
Depending on the geographical regions, nuances appear. Thus, Pays de Cazals-Salviac has the largest inhabited area, i.e. 3767m². On the other hand, urban centers concentrate habitats and inevitably represent the lowest averages. For example, Cahors have an area of less than 1500 square metres, just like Gourdon, Souillac, Figeac or Saint-Céré.
The most striking point remains the lack of connection between space consumption and population increase. When the urban area increases by +8%, the population increases by only +0.6%
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